Statistics

Listed below are the latest statistics for Jackson County related to Adolescent Sexual Health:

In 2017, Jackson County had the 24th highest teen pregnancy rate of 83 counties in the state of Michigan. The Jackson County teen pregnancy rate was 32.8 per 1,000 women ages 15-19, while the Michigan rate was 27.3. There was an estimated number of 159 pregnancies in 2017 in Jackson County.

Jackson County ranked 25th highest for births to teens to ages 15-19 with a rate of 23.1 per 1,000 girls compared to a Michigan rate of 16.4 for 2017. There were 112 live births to teens in 2017 in Jackson County.

Jackson County ranked 15th highest out of reportable counties in Michigan for teen abortion rates, with a rate of 4.5 per 1,000 females ages 15-19, for a total of 22 abortions in 2017.

Jackson County ranks 16th highest in the state of Michigan for teen rates of Chlamydia(233 confirmed cases) and Gonorrhea (13 confirmed cases) based on 2015 rates.

Approximately 19% of teen births in Jackson County are to mothers who already have one or more children.

Twenty-four percent of teen births in Jackson County take place in the City of Jackson. The teen birth rate for 15-19 year olds in the City of Jackson is 50 per 1,000 females in that age range, compared to a state rate of 17.7 and a national rate of 20.3 for 2016.1 This ranks the City of Jackson as the city with the 6th highest teen birth rate among cities with a population over 20,000 in Michigan.

Sixty-five percent of teen births in Michigan are paid for by taxpayers.  In Michigan, the average annual cost associated with a child born to a mother age 17 and under is $4,951.

RISK BEHAVIORS

In 2017, 32.6% of Jackson County 9th and 11th grade students reported that they ever had sexual intercourse in their lifetime compared to a state average of 38.3%. Specifically, 19% of 9th graders and 46.8% of 11th graders ever had sexual intercourse in their lifetime.

In 2017, 24% of Jackson County students have had sexual intercourse in the past three months, compared to a state average of 28.3%. Specifically, 12.1% of 9th graders and 36.4% of 11th graders have had sex in the past three months.

Among students who have ever had sexual intercourse intercourse in the past three months, 62.9% of Jackson County 9th and 11th graders used a condom (9th grade — 61.5% and 11th grade — 63.6%) compared to a state average of 53.8%.

Among students who have ever had sexual intercourse curing the past three months, 18.9% of 9th and 11th graders reported that they drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse compared to a state average of 19.9%.

Among students who have ever had sexual intercourse, 17.5% reported having a partner who three or more years older. More specifically, 21.7% of 9th graders and 15.7% of 11th graders.

IMPACTS OF TEEN PREGNANCY

Approximately 70% of teen mothers do not finish their high school education, which leaves them poorly qualified to enter the job market.

More than 75% of teen mothers rely on public assistance within the first five years of giving birth.4  Most teen mothers remain single, and less than 30% receive any kind of child support from the babies’ fathers.

Jackson County has averaged 13 infant births per year from 2013-2017. In 2017, Jackson County had 7.9* (provisional) infant deaths per 1000 lived births, compared to Michigan’s rate of 6.8.

Kids Count 2016 Data Book ranked Jackson County 23rd out of 47 reporting counties for infant mortality. In 2015, 53% of Jackson County mothers with an infant death had their first pregnancy at 19 years of age or less. In Jackson County 13% of infant deaths from 2013-2015 were teen moms.

Jackson County’s three year (2015-2017) black infant mortality rate is 26.5 infant deaths per 1000 live births compared to white infant mortality rate of 5.6, making black babies more than four times as likely than white babies to die before their first birthday.

OTHER RELATED INFORMATION

In 2016, 66% of 9th and 11th grade Jackson County students reported that they have ever talked with their parents or other adults in their family about what they expected them to do or not to do when it comes to sex, compared to the state average of 69.2%

In Jackson County in 2017, 8.6% of women delivered a low weight baby and 11.2% gave birth less than 37 weeks gestation.

References

1 Michigan Department of Community Health, Vital Statistics, 2015
2 By the Numbers, The Public Costs of Teen Childbearing, Hoffman, Saul D., Ph.D., October 2006
3Michigan Profile for Healthy Youth (MiPHY) 2014, Michigan Department of Education
4Child Trends; from Wertheimer, Richard and Moore, Kristin, Childbearing by Teens:  Links to Welfare Reform, No. A-24 in Series, “New Federalism  Issues and Options for States,” The Urban Institute, 1998
5Kids Count, Community Level Information on Kids, Jackson County, 2013, http://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/bystate/stateprofile.aspx?state+MI&loc=3781
6Jackson County Fetal and Infant Mortality Review Report 2014
7MDCH Maternal and Child Health County Profiles, 2010-2012