Statistics

Listed below are the latest statistics for Jackson County related to Adolescent Sexual Health:

In 2016, Jackson County had the 28th highest teen pregnancy rate of 83 counties in the state of Michigan. The Jackson County teen pregnancy rate was 35.1 per 1,000 women ages 15-19, while the Michigan rate was 29.2 There was an estimated number of 173 teen pregnancies in 2016 in Jackson County.

Jackson County ranked 25th highest for births to teens ages 15-19 with a rate of 24.6 per 1,000 girls compared to a Michigan rate of 17.7 for 2016. There were 121 live births to teens in 2016 in Jackson County

Jackson County ranks 22nd highest of reportable counties in Michigan for teen abortion rates, with a rate of 5.1 per 1,000 females ages 15-19, for a total of 25 abortions in 2016.

Jackson County ranks 16th highest in the state of Michigan for teen rates of Chlamydia(233 confirmed cases) and Gonorrhea (13 confirmed cases) based on 2015 rates.

Approximately 19% of teen births in Jackson County are to mothers who already have one or more children.

Twenty-four percent of teen births in Jackson County take place in the City of Jackson. The teen birth rate for 15-19 year olds in the City of Jackson is 50 per 1,000 females in that age range, compared to a state rate of 17.7 and a national rate of 20.3 for 2016.1 This ranks the City of Jackson as the city with the 6th highest teen birth rate among cities with a population over 20,000 in Michigan.

Sixty-five percent of teen births in Michigan are paid for by taxpayers.  In Michigan, the average annual cost associated with a child born to a mother age 17 and under is $4,951.

RISK BEHAVIORS

In 2016, 36% of Jackson County 9th and 11th grade students reported that they ever had sexual intercourse in their lifetime, compared to the state average of 38.1%. Specifically, 24% of 9th graders and 50% of 11th graders ever had sexual intercourse in their lifetime

In 2016, 25% of Jackson County students have had sexual intercourse in the past three months, compared to a state average of 27%. Specifically, 15% of 9th graders and 37% of 11th graders have had sex in the past three months.3

Among students who ever had sexual intercourse in the past three months, 63% of Jackson County 9th and 11th graders used a condom (9th grade – 62% and 11th grade – 64%), compared to a state average of 61%.

Among students who ever had sexual intercourse during the past three months, 23% of 9th and 11th graders reported that they drank alcohol or used drugs before last sexual intercourse, which is the same as the state average.

Among students who ever had sexual intercourse, 17% reported having a first partner who was three or more years older, compared to a state average of 13.6%

IMPACTS OF TEEN PREGNANCY

Approximately 70% of teen mothers do not finish their high school education, which leaves them poorly qualified to enter the job market.

More than 75% of teen mothers rely on public assistance within the first five years of giving birth.4  Most teen mothers remain single, and less than 30% receive any kind of child support from the babies’ fathers.

Jackson County has averaged 14 infant deaths per year from 2004-2013.  In 2013 Jackson County had 7.6*(provisional) infant deaths per 1000 live births, compared to Michigan’s rate of 6.6.

Kids Count 2013 Data book ranked Jackson County 18th out of 47 reporting counties for infant mortality.  In 2012, 57% of Jackson County mothers with an infant death had their first pregnancy at 19 years of age or less.  In Jackson County 12% of infant deaths from 2010-2012 were to teen moms.

Jackson County’s three year (2010-2012) African American infant mortality rate is 13 infant deaths per 1000 live births compared to the Caucasian infant mortality rate of 4.1, making African American babies more than three times as likely than Caucasian babies to die before their first birthday.6

OTHER RELATED INFORMATION

In 2016, 66% of 9th and 11th grade Jackson County students reported that they have ever talked with their parents or other adults in their family about what they expected them to do or not to do when it comes to sex, compared to the state average of 69.2%

In Jackson County in 2013, 8.7% of women delivered a low weight baby and 10.9% gave birth less than 37 weeks gestation.

References

1 Michigan Department of Community Health, Vital Statistics, 2015
2 By the Numbers, The Public Costs of Teen Childbearing, Hoffman, Saul D., Ph.D., October 2006
3Michigan Profile for Healthy Youth (MiPHY) 2014, Michigan Department of Education
4Child Trends; from Wertheimer, Richard and Moore, Kristin, Childbearing by Teens:  Links to Welfare Reform, No. A-24 in Series, “New Federalism  Issues and Options for States,” The Urban Institute, 1998
5Kids Count, Community Level Information on Kids, Jackson County, 2013, http://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/bystate/stateprofile.aspx?state+MI&loc=3781
6Jackson County Fetal and Infant Mortality Review Report 2014
7MDCH Maternal and Child Health County Profiles, 2010-2012